Bernese Mountain Dogs
- AKC recognized in 1937
- Life Expectancy: 6 - 8 years
- Size: Large
- Energy Level: Medium
- Recommended Crate Size: 48" dog crate*
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Bernese Mountain Dogs, also known as the Berner Sennenhund in Switzerland, do not have a clear origin story, though they are thought to be one of the Sennenhund-type dogs from the Swiss Alps region. There is little definitive historical documentation about their history.
Apparently, this breed came from Romans, used to protect and guide herds. The invaders brought the dog with them while conquering the Old World regions.
Mostly, they were used as farm dogs. There was a report that stated this working dog breed was on the verge of extinction during the 19th century.
Fortunately, some people realized the good qualities of the Bernese Mountain Dog. Once the breed entered the United States, their number increased over time.
The American Kennel Club recognized this breed in 1937.
The Swiss Mountain dog breed is quite affectionate and many people choose it as a companion for their family. They have many positive characteristics including easy-going, sweet, and caring.
Bernese Mountain Dogs can even interact with kids well, as they are very patient and are not easily irritated when children climb all over them.
The dog belongs to the active breed group so they can play all day long with their owner. They can adapt to live alongside other pets too.
Not to mention they are very friendly to strangers. A potential issue, if you consider it one, is that they can be very shy.
This condition may lead to anxiety. To prevent this, owners are encouraged to introduce the young dog to people early.
Common health problems include elbow dysplasia, hip dysplasia, Von Willebrand's disease, and progressive retinal atrophy.
In terms of appearance, Bernese Mountain Dogs are built very strong and sturdy. Their body is compact with a wide chest.
The head of the Berner is broad and they have pendant/triangular ears. The dog has expressive and dark eyes and its tail is long.
The double coat is wavy, thick, and tricolor. This thick coat makes it suitable to cold weather
When it comes to the size, the females have a smaller body when compared to males.
However, both sexes have extraordinary power. The weight of the Berner is around 80-120 pounds. The average height is between 24 and 27 inches.
Bernese Mountain Dogs are categorized as large canines. Diet is an important issue when taking care of large breeds.
The owner should provide 3-6 cups of dog food per day. The Bernese Mountain Dog puppy takes more frequency when it comes to feeding time (8 times compared to 5 times for adults). More expensive dry food combined with raw food is a good choice.
The Bernese Mountain Dogs shed with most of it happening during the changes of the season. The dog should be brushed once per week in order to remove loose hair and keep its coat clean and neat.
When done regularly shedding can be mostly contained and kept off of your clothes and furniture.
Cleaning the dog’s ears is very important as there may be some dirt, bacteria, and other debris.
Brushing teeth is also important as the dog gradually increases tartar buildup over time and if ignored, Bernese Mountain Dogs may develop bad breath.
The Bernese Mountain Dog has medium energy levels.
This means that while they love to spend time relaxing and napping around the house, they still need to do plenty of activities such as snow romping, dog walking, and even pulling kids around in a cart.
Owners should provide enough space outside the house to burn off excess energy.
Pet Crate Size
Pet Crates Direct recommends 48" dog crates* for most adult Bernese Mountain Dogs.
* Links for crate sizes will bring you to the most appropriate Amazon page.