Jack Russel Terrier
- AKC recognized in 2000
- Lifespan: 10 to 15 years
- Size: small
- Energy: high
- Recommended Crate Size: 24” dog crate*
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The Jack Russell Terrier is a small-sized dog breed with a compact and muscular body. They were originally developed in southern England during the 1800s. The name of the breed was taken after the developer, Reverend John Russell. The Russell Terrier was originally bred for fox hunting. This dog breed was known in the U.S. in 1930 and has become the favorite of many sportsmen.
For a new dog owner, Jack Russells are not advisable to own because it can be challenging due to its strength and high energy. As the dog is originally bred for hunting, they have a strong instinct toward small animals and should not be left off the leash except when they are in fenced a area.
The American Kennel Club formally recognized the Jack Russell Terrier in 2012. Club recognition was resisted at first in light of how the standards took the Fox Terrier farther away from actual fox hunting and more of a show dog. The Jack Russell Terrier are high energy dogs that enjoy digging, hunting, exploring, and barking.
In no time they are able to dig a large hole. Due to their high energy level, this dog should live within a secure yard as their play ground. Even though they are bred as hunting mates, they thrive as family dogs and should not live outdoors. When you need to leave the house, turn on the radio to minimize anxiety separation. This dog breed is considered a smart dog which is highly trainable and capable of performing impressive tricks.
The Jack Russell has a compact body with height around 10 to 15 inches. As show dogs, Jack Russells are classified into two size groups, which are 10 to 12 ½ inches and 12 ½ to 15 inches. This dog has a double coat with flat and hard coat types. They come in white and white, with tan or black markings. Their coat tends to shed regularly so they require occasional grooming.
It is recommended to provide feed formulated to small-sized breeds. It is highly recommended to discuss your dog’s feed with your veterinarian and/or breeder in order to determine size and frequency of meals in order to ensure a health, long life. It is also important to ensure that clean, fresh water is always available.
This dog breed requires regular brushing and combing using a firm bristle brush. They also need occasional baths. Jack Russell have an easy to groom type of coat. Check their ears for wax or debris buildup, and regularly brush their teeth and clip their nails to prevent cracking.
The Jack Russell Terrier is an energetic dog breed which requires sufficient exercise for around 40 minutes a day. If they do not get enough exercise or play time, they may become a serious nuisance. Daily, long, and brisk walks or jogs can be the perfect choice for exercise. When dog owners leave the house, they should take Jack Russell for exercise first.
Pet Crate Size
Pet Crates Direct recommends 24” dog crates* for most adult Jack Russell Terriers.
* Links for crate sizes will bring you to the most appropriate Amazon page.