American Eskimo Dog
- AKC recognized in 1994
- Lifespan: 13-15 years
- Size: Small to Medium
- Energy: Very Active
- Recommended Crate Size: 36” dog crate*
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The American Eskimo Dog is a small to medium-size (intermediate) Nordic-type dog. "Eskies" are known for its erect triangular ears, bright white coat, and jet black points (especially on lips, eye rims, and nose).
Today they are mostly enjoyed as companions. They are very obedient and active. The breed's white double coat consists of a short, dense undercoat, with longer guard hairs forming an outer coat.
The American Eskimo is a breed originating in Germany. It is categorized in the Spitz family. Its breed's progenitors were German Spitz. However, thanks to anti-German prejudice during the first World War, it was given the new name of "American Eskimo Dog".
The American Eskimo was originally bred for guarding people and property. They are considered valiant watchdogs and are very territorial by nature. It is a very vocal but not considered an aggressive dog. They will typically bark at any stranger who comes in proximity to their owners' territory.
The American Kennel Club formally recognized the American Eskimo in 1994. These high energy dogs are known as affectionate and loving. They are very quick and full of curiosity, and as such needs regular mental challenges and exercises.
The breed is easy to train and are excellent with children because of the their high intelligence and willingness to please. They are very protective of its family and home, however, they do not typically threaten to attack or bite people. Eskies learn new tasks very quickly.
The American Eskimo is always white or white with biscuit cream in color. Its ears are erect and triangular in shape. It has distinctive black points (on nose, lips, and eye rims). The white double coat is straight without waves or curls.
The coat is longer and thicker around the chest and neck making it looks like a small lion mane. The Eskies' legs down to the hocks are covered with longer and thicker hair forming its characteristic breeches. it has a tail that is richly plumed and is loosely carried on its back.
It is recommended to provide feed formulated to small to medium-sized breeds. It is highly recommended to discuss your dog’s feed with your veterinarian and/or breeder in order to determine size and frequency of meals in order to ensure a health, long life. It is also important to ensure that clean, fresh water is always available.
Weekly brushing is recommended to control shedding, keep the Esksie’s coat neat, and free of mats. Keep its nails trimmed to avoid cracking. Check their ears often for any accumulated debris, dirt, or wax. It is also beneficial to regularly brush their teeth to maintain your pet's mouth health.
The American Eskimo needs regular mental challenges and exercise. Back in the day, traveling circuses often used Eskies as mainstays of their trained-dog acts. Their agility and intelligence charmed audiences.
Without sufficient exercise, Eskies are known to develop problem behaviors when under-trained or neglected. Without enough physical and mental exercise, Eskies can become high-strung and hyperactive, to the point of spinning in circles. Eskies are not recommended for first-time dog owners. 45-60 minutes of daily exercise is recommended to meet its energy needs.
Pet Crate Size
Pet Crates Direct recommends 36” dog crates* for most adult American Eskimo Dogs.
* Links for crate sizes will bring you to the most appropriate Amazon page.